Grade 1 At-A-Glance

Gr 1 pacing guide wiki.PNG

The Primary Focus in First Grade

In grade 1, students will know, with accuracy and speed, the addition and subtraction facts for whole numbers with sums to 20. Using a variety of strategies, they will explore multi-digit addition and subtraction to mentally calculate to 100 and to solve everyday problems. They will develop an understanding of how addition and subtraction are related. First grade students will extend their understanding of the place value system, i.e. knowing that the placement of numerals determines the value of a number up to the hundreds place. Students will measure time to the hour and half hour. They will continue their study of measurement to understand that items are measured by using equal units of measurement. The study of geometric shapes, both plane and solid, will continue to build understanding of the attributes of shapes and combination of shapes to make new shapes. This will develop the initial understanding of congruence and symmetry.

Activities At Home

  • Count objects such as jellybeans in a bowl, pennies in a jar, cheerios in a baggie, etc.
  • Find numbers in newspapers, magazines, or on items around the house.
  • Practice counting with your child while doing various activities-driving in the car, jumping rope, waiting in line at a store, etc.
  • Divide a deck of cards evenly between players. Each player flips over a card, the player with the highest card wins the cards. Continue until one player has all cards in the deck.
  • Put different items into groups and talk about which group has more or less items using the terms greater than and less than.
  • Roll dice and create numbers. Say what is 10 more or 10 less than that number.
  • Roll single digit numbers and add them together.
  • Roll 2-digit or 3-digit numbers and add them together.
  • Add all the digits of your house number together.
  • Make a train with Legos or colored blocks. Write a number sentence for the different colors in the train.
  • Add the price of two items at a store.
  • Compare gas prices to find the lowest amount.
  • Start with 20 counters (beans, pennies, etc.) and roll two dice to make a 2-digit number. Subtract counters until you get to 0.
  • Give your child an addition or subtraction number sentence and ask them to make up a story problem to go with the number sentence.
  • Make a physical array with counters and record on paper using symbols.


Homework addresses the skills and concepts from the previous unit and the current unit. Homework may not be directly related to the day's lesson. The skill practice from the current unit will be provided to students only after students have an understanding of a concept.

Grade 1 Links:

Grade 1 Parent Unit Letters
Models and Tools
Apps and Websites
Grade 1 Standards for Mathematical Practices

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