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Grade 5 At-a-Glance

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The Primary Focus of 5th Grade Mathematics

In grade 5 students will use their knowledge of basic facts to solve problems throughout the year involving multi-digit addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of whole numbers as well as problems involving fractions and decimals. Students will focus on adding and subtracting fractions and developing understanding of multiplication and division of fractions by whole numbers. Students deepen their understanding of place value as they work with decimal numbers. They judge the reasonableness of their answers when solving problems involving whole numbers, fractions and decimals. Fifth graders use their understanding of area and perimeter to deepen their understanding of volume.

Activities At Home

  • Create number cubes or spinners and have the student identify the place value and value of different digits in that number.
  • Roll or pick numbers to create decimals. Add, subtract, multiply, or divide the decimals.
  • Find the batting averages or other statistics in the sports section of a newspaper and add or subtract the statistics.
  • Estimate and find the sums and differences of items at the store and in restaurants.
  • Practice basic addition, subtraction, multiplication and division facts.
  • Roll or pick numbers to create decimals. Compare and order the numbers.
  • Choose a four-digit number. Multiply and divide by powers of 10 (10, 100, 1,000, etc.) by moving the decimal point left or right as appropriate.
  • Create or pick numbers to make fractions. Add, subtract, or simplify the fractions that you find.
  • Find examples of fractions around the house or neighborhood. Add, subtract, multiply, divide or simplify the fractions that you find.
  • Create numbers to use in fractions. Draw these fractions as parts of a whole or set.
  • Use measuring cups when baking or cooking.
  • Identify the use of decimals in sporting events and in newspapers.
  • Draw different shapes. Divide them into different fractions.
  • Practice multiplication and division facts.
  • Make up numbers, roll numbers with dice, or find numbers (on labels) and compare them.
  • Create rules (ex. n = 3) and have your student extend the number pattern (3, 6, _ , _).
  • Create a number pattern and have your student write the rule.
  • Create an input/ output machine (function table) for a given rule and have the student fill in the missing Inputs and Outputs.
  • Create an input/ output machine (function table) for an unknown rule and have the student fill in the missing Inputs and Outputs and write the rule.
  • Find numbers and write them in expanded form.
  • Draw pictures and make models of numbers.
  • Practice addition, subtraction, multiplication and division facts.

Homework

Homework addresses the skills and concepts from the previous unit and the current unit. Homework may not be directly related to the day's lesson. The skill practice from the current unit will be provided to students only after students have an understanding of a concept.

Grade 5 Links

Grade 5 Parent Unit Letters
Models and Tools
Apps and Websites
Grade 5 Standards for Mathematical Practice

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